Ethelyne Tetrafluoroethelyne (ETFE) is a translucent polymer glazing material. ETFE has been widely used in Japan for decades, and offers enormous benefits as a greenhouse glazing. Ceres is currently the only North American distributer of this super durable and highly light transmissive glazing material.
We provide ETFE as a glazing option for Ceres HighYield™ kits. We can also sell ETFE for your specific greenhouse needs – whether a retrofit or new build (track distance has to be engineered).
- High light transmittance, which means higher yields and improved crop quality
- Fewer greenhouse pests and pathogens, as UV light acts as radiation
- Strong mechanical strength, capable of resisting high wind and snow loads, and hail
- Does not degrade or yellow
- Easily reparable, with ETFE film patches and sheets
- Fire Rated ASTM E84 Class A, ETFE foil shrinks back from plume, which vents fire
- Stable exceeding 400F!
- Up to 94% light transmission with UV
- Diffused light allows for reduction of shadows and improved plant growth
Pictured to the right one can see shadows over on the left side of the greenhouse, as this client decided to use clear ETFE on the south facing windows. As one looks over towards the right the shading disappears, as diffuse ETFE was chosen for the rooftop glazing.
*For ETFE, the thickness of the particular ETFE will further determine the light transmittance.
- Durable and resistant to diverse environmental conditions
- Long lasting- does not degrade
- Lightweight and broad design flexibility
- Multilayer film options can provide additional thermal insulation
One centralized system for controlling the whole environment. Monitor temperature, relative humidity, and CO2, leaf/ canopy temp, PAR, lighting zones, and outdoor weather.
We offer Ceres designed EcoLoop™ or EcoPack™ HVAC options depending on growing goals, budget, site constraints, and greenhouse type. All Ceres environmental controls are custom integrated to suit your needs.
The GAHT® system is a ground to air heat exchanger, a system often referred to as a ‘Climate Battery’. Ceres leads the industry in climate battery technology, having designed and installed more systems in greenhouses than any other company in the world.
Different crops may demand specific lighting requirements. We offer a variety of lighting solutions designed to suit the needs of each individual operation.
A NetZero greenhouse will have zero net emissions. This goal is achieved through capturing and storing energy. This can be done using a various system options.
Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene is a durable, high light transmissive glazing option. It offers more than 95% light transmission, including the UV spectrum. More than other greenhouse companies, Ceres is implementing full spectrum glazings for maximum crop growth.
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ETFE film is priced by its thickness and type (diffuse or clear). Film thickness varies in practical applications from as low as 50 um for internal walls, to over 300 um for the highest hail size and snow/wind loads. The thinner ETFE film prices are comparable to double layer polycarbonate.
Diffuse ETFE glazing is also available, with an anti-drip coating, to ensure that condensation from the ETFE does not drip onto the plants. The anti-drip coating increases the price for each thickness by about 30%.
More important than the ETFE film price is the price for the engineered ETFE system. This service includes engineering, aluminum fastening tracks, hardware such as fasteners, ETFE repair tape and installation instructions.
ETFE is a great option for a greenhouse glazing material where the fire code requires the highest fire rated material, or when high resistance to hail, wind and snow loads are required.
ETFE is a great material in all earthquake prone areas since it cannot break or shatter.
ETFE is also a great option for all buildings where complex building forms or shapes are desired.
Due to its unique molecular structure and high binding energy, ETFE offers an almost unlimited service life. Greenhouses that have had ETFE installed in the early 1980’s have been in continuous operation ever since. ETFE will last longer than any other glazing material and can be completely recycled if it is no longer needed.
ETFE is much less brittle than Acrylic, Glass or Polycarbonate. A variety of independent lab tests have shown that ETFE films, with a thickness of 250 um, can withstand hail with 2 inches (50 mm)–causing only indentations in the ETFE glazing. Acrylic sheets are warranted up to ¾” (20 mm). Hail above that size will cause acrylic sheets to break and thick 3 layer polycarbonate to suffer irreparable indentions. ETFE films are classified Hail class 3, which means that ETFE can handle more than double the hail size without any perforation to the film. With ETFE, harvests will be protected in severe weather. In most cases, any hail caused indentations in the ETFE can be repaired with a thermal gun ( i.e hair dryer) or ETFE repair tape without losing its quality and characteristics.
ETFE can be installed on any greenhouse, such as rectangular (greenhouse) buildings with standard roofs (glass or plastic), center gable or off-set gable, hoop houses, chinese style greenhouses, custom greenhouses, etc. In practice it may be hard to install ETFE retroactively on large-scale Venlo greenhouses unless these greenhouses are already designed for this purpose. When in doubt, contact the Ceres team to find out if ETFE is the best solution for your greenhouse.
The track system that allows for the proper installation of the ETFE film on greenhouses was designed by Ceres and its exclusive partners. It is part of Ceres’ Intellectual Property. Currently Ceres is the only greenhouse company in the world to offer a comprehensive engineered multi layer solution for ETFE on greenhouses.
The number of layers will vary regionally. It depends on the level of insulation desired. Contact us for more information.
ETFE is an electronegative, hydrophobic (does not like water) material. Fine dust can stick to the surface of the ETFE both from the outside and inside of the greenhouse. Since the ETFE does not ‘like’ water, any dust collecting on the ETFE surface will accumulate in any water droplet that hits the ETFE surface. As a result, ETFE is highly cleanable with water. For the outside layer, any rain will do.
Should extra cleaning be required, regular cleaners can be used to clean the ETFE surface without any problems.
ETFE is hydrophobic (does not like water or ice) and therefore snow will glide off the roof easily as long as the roof slope is appropriate. The Ceres’ ETFE system is not recommended for flat roofs.
Walking on ETFE roofs is not recommended. Most ETFE professional contractors/roofers choose to walk on scaffolding that is securely laid perpendicular to the ETFE track systems. Using appropriate safety equipment, this is a safe way to walk on the roof.
Ceres cannot be held responsible for accidents during installation. We recommend using professional installers for installations above ground level.
Greenhouses have the reputation that they are always ‘leaky’. This is because there are many interfaces between different materials that are hard to seal. One of the biggest advantages of using ETFE is that it can be installed over large areas without a single seam. As a result, greenhouses built with ETFE can be much tighter than greenhouses built with any other glazing material.
ETFE systems (ETFE and Aluminum) are the highest temperature rated roof covering. Temperatures in excess of 400F (200C) do not harm the ETFE, or the system that was used to install it. No other roofing system can withstand such temperatures.
Polycarbonate is rated up to 280F (140C) and Acrylic is rated for up to 200F (90C) but can deform at temperatures as low as 160F (70C). Glass can be rated at a higher temperature itself, but the polymers used to install and seal the glass have lower temperature ratings.
Permits for re-roofing/glazing any structure may or may not be necessary. Unless otherwise specified, it is the responsibility of the client or clients’ architect to verify that any regulations are met.
Ceres and/or the stamping engineer can provide most of the technical documents necessary to obtain the permit. Depending on the requirements from the building department (extra fee may be necessary).
ETFE is a rather forgiving material and depending on the structure can be installed by almost any skilled laborer. In small structures, ETFE can be installed by the homeowner but a minimum of 2 people will be required. In larger structures, movement on the roof requires skills and safety equipment that usually require professionals with the right equipment. These can be roofers or general contractors. Teams of 4 or 5 people are recommended.
In general, contractors unfamiliar with ETFE installations will quote high installation costs because of the unknowns about the process. Ceres experts will be available to answer questions during the quoting process. Furthermore, Ceres recommends that clients and/or their contractors come to see an existing installation in Boulder, CO to familiarize themselves with the process. Ceres can provide references for skilled contractors for any installation.
Greenhouse specific ETFE films can be delivered within a 4 week timeframe.
Depending on the size of the greenhouse, the film thickness, the hardware required, and inventory levels, delivery of materials can take up to several months.
ETFE films can be diffused or clear and Ceres will help select the best grade for each specific project application. Clear films are better for people and are often preferred when visibility into or out of the greenhouse is desired. Diffused films are better for the plants because they scatter the sunlight onto the leaves, diminishing pests, increasing photosynthesis and contributing to the overall health of the plant.
ETFE films are available in 50um, 60um, 100um, 150um, 200um, 250um and more. In general, the thicker the material, the higher the hail, wind and snow resistance, the wider the track spacing and the lower the light transmission. As an example, for the 250um the light transmission is 87% whereas for the 100um the light transmission is 94%. While thicker films reduce the light transmission slightly, the increased distance of the support structure will allow for more sunlight coming into the greenhouse which will offset that loss. Due to minimum order quantities, Ceres is only working with 50um, 60um, 100um and 250um thickness.
ETFE can be purchased as a roll-good depending on the thickness in 3’7″, 4’3″, 5’3″, 7’8″ (1.1m, 1.3m, 1.6m, 2.35m) width.
ETFE can also be welded into large sheets (usually rectangular) where the main size limitation is mainly the weight of the material for the people operating the welding machines. 50ft x 100ft (15m x 30m) are common.